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Urine grows crops, provides wealth in Malawi

A man urinating inside a urine harvesting plant
A man urinating inside a urine harvesting plant

( 16, 2016)-Malawian farmers around the capital, Lilongwe, are using human urine on their crops instead of costly imported chemical fertilizers.

It is the result of an innovative local initiative that is transforming the lives of both the farmers and city residents.

There is a new business in the Area 25A neighborhood these days: selling human urine for use as crop fertilizer as everyday people carry buckets of the stuff to the market.

Seventy-five-year-old Modesta Kamoto said she uses the money to pay school fees and to buy food, soap and school uniforms for her ten orphaned grandchildren.

She collects the urine every morning from plastic containers from her family members and sells it to "Urine for Wealth" project.
Urine has been nature's fertilizer for ages though it is not a well-known fact nowadays in the chemical fertilizer age.  

Malawian agriculturist, Goodfellow Phiri, started "Urine for Wealth" as a small family initiative nine years ago and has grown into a thriving business. The project was one of six finalists for the HIVOS Social Innovation Award in Amsterdam in 2014.

"We buy a 20 liter container at 1,000 Kwacha ($1.40) and buy five liter container at K300 ($.41). When we process the urine into fertilizer, we sell it to farmers. Twenty liters we sell K3,000 ($4.00) and five liters at K1,000. ($1.40)," said Phiri. According to the VOA, he buys up to 200 liters per day.

The VOA quotes Mr. Phiri as saying he keeps the urine in airtight containers for seven days. The process kills germs, and the smell. It makes the liquid rich in nitrogen.

He sometimes adds lemongrass to help control the odor, but says no additives are actually needed. Farmers say the fertilizer is cheaper and more environmentally friendly than chemicals.

Urine for Wealth has now erected a urine harvesting plant at the main market in Area 25A with funding from 2 environmental NGO's. People are encouraged to relieve themselves there in special urinals.

The project also has women selling composite manure they make mixing the urine with animal waste. Enelet Chadza is a widow and leads a group of 20 women.

She said her worries are gone and that she is able to feed her family with what she earns from the urine business. Despite their success, Phiri said challenges abound.

"The greatest challenge with this bio-nitrate fertilizer is that many people don't like it. They think it's unhygienic to apply fertilizer made from human urine," said Phiri.

Seed companies and the Ministry of Agriculture have enlisted Urine for Wealth to produce fertilizer for their demonstration fields, something Phiri hopes will win over more farmers to the idea.



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